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QUALITY

What Is Quality? The Institute of Medicine defines health care quality as “the degree to which health care services for individuals and populations increase the…

CRAMS

CRAMS is defined as the process of outsourcing research services/ product manufacturing activities to organizations which can provide the service at a low cost. CRAMS…

HEALTH & SAFETY

Health-care waste management policies or plans should include provision for the continuous monitoring of workers’ health and safety to ensure that correct handling, treatment, storage,…

PATENTS

A medical patent is a legal protection against market competition that a government grants to the inventor of a unique medical item or process. Understanding…

API

An active ingredient is the ingredient in a pharmaceutical drug or pesticide that is biologically active. The similar terms active pharmaceutical ingredient and bulk active…

CONTRACT RESEARCH

contract research organization (CRO) is a company that provides support to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries in the form of research services outsourced…