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Health-care waste management policies or plans should include provision for the continuous monitoring of workers’ health and safety to ensure that correct handling, treatment, storage, and disposal procedures are being followed. Essential occupational health and safety measures include the following:

• proper training of workers;

• provision of equipment and clothing for personal protection;

• Establishment of an effective occupational health programme that includes immunization, post-exposure prophylactic treatment, and medical surveillance.

Training in health and safety should ensure that workers know of and understand the potential risks associated with health-care waste, the value of immunization against viral hepatitis B, and the importance of consistent use of personal protection equipment.